aerial view of beirut

LEBANON AND THE GREAT GAME: DISCLOSING THE GEOPOLITICAL SETTINGS FOR MAJOR POWERS.

Source: Dr. Bassem Sidani – Strategic Political Analyst : Dr Bassem Sidani Papers and Analysis

Lebanon has an exceptional and untraditional geopolitics sphere that interacts with deep Lebanese structural functional crises… when we try to understand the Lebanese situation and the possible scenarios, we should start by looking at the geopolitical scene through Lebanese facts to conclude the realistic circumstances.

On the geopolitical level, Lebanon is in the heart of the Middle East-Eastern Mediterranean region. This area is arguably the most crowded region because we have a “full house” of active major powers such as; the United States, Russia, China, and the European Union.

The United States possesses a historical record in intervening in many of the Middle East crises. Considerably, some parties accused the United States that it nourished the crises because the U.S. has been in a functional alliance with the Zionist entity, which made it a part in a fair share of catastrophes. Pragmatically, U.S. geopolitical behavior in the Middle East has established two primary goals: energy security and the Zionist entity security.

The United States in the field of energy security and other fields has two chief competitors Russia and China. Their competitions strike our region, and one of the most evident geopolitical confrontations amongst them was the Syrian crisis.

Russia exploited the Syrian crisis to get more power factors that was related to energy resources and forces redeployment in ports and military bases to ameliorate its energy networks and military outreach. Keeping in mind that Russia intended to hold the keys of Syria’s crisis to obtain a higher hand in bargaining about its own near abroad crises. On top of that, there was a plan to counter the United States attacks on Russia’s direct spheres of influences.

In the same context, China rediscovered the Middle East-Eastern Mediterranean region, which was driven by its enormous need for energy resources. Moreover, as a part of its geopolitical chess game that had been running with the U.S., China included the Eastern Mediterranean region in its adaptable belt and road initiative.

European Union collectively and many European states individually had been persistently seeking to diversify their gas imports sources away from Russia. To recover their geopolitical weakness of depending on Russia without any alternative dependable choices. At this stage, France might be an active European player in this domain, especially because they have strong ties with Lebanon and others in the Eastern Mediterranean region.

At last, with the European Union, we defined the leading reasons behind the new Middle East-Eastern Mediterranean region geopolitical chess game on the international level.

All things considered, to my fellow Lebanese citizens look closely to your geopolitical surroundings and ask yourselves fundamental questions like; which Lebanon do you want? Can you afford the increasing prices?

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